Common name: Agapanthus, Lily of the Nile

Native to: Southern Africa


Agapanthus are clump-forming perennials with narrowly strap-shaped leaves, evergreen in some species, and erect stems bearing umbels of funnel-shaped blue or white flowers.


Agapanthus is a genus of herbaceous perennials that mostly bloom in summer. The leaves are basal, curved, and linear, growing up to 60 cm (24 in) long. They are rather leathery and arranged in two opposite rows. The plant has a mostly underground stem called a rhizome (like a ginger 'root') that is used as a storage organ. The roots, which grow out of the rhizome, are white, thick and fleshy.

The inflorescence is a pseudo-umbel subtended by two large bracts at the apex of a long, erect scape, up to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall. They have funnel-shaped or tubular flowers, in hues of blue to purple, shading to white. Some hybrids and cultivars have colors not found in wild plants.There are dwarf varieties as well. whih only grow to about 40cm in height.

Agapanthus dwarf

  • Native / exotic: Exotic

    Aspect: Full sun

    Flowers: Umbels of funnel shaped flowers in shades of blue or white, depending on variety

    Fragrance: None

    Foliage: Evergreen, glossy, strap like leaves

    Growth habit: Clump forming

    Hardiness: Hardy but not drought resistant

    Height: Up to 1 metre

    Spread: Up to 1 metre

    Soil requirements: Prefers moist well-drained soils. Keep well mulched

    Uses: Herbaceous perennial which adds colour and form to gardens. Can be planted in large swathes or within a border. The umbels of flowers are attractive and some species are taller than others.


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