Syn. Aiphanes horrida, Aipahenes caryotifolia

Common name: Ruffle palm, Spine palm

Native to: Columbia, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Trinidad & Tobago and Venezuela


Aiphanes are a type of spiny palm trees that are native to the tropical regions of Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean. There are 26 species in the genus Aiphanes, which range from small understorey shrubs with subterranean stems, to sub-canopy trees that can be as tall as 20 metres.


Aiphanes horrida, a single gray trunk covered with large black spines. Trunk is topped with a very attractive crown of light green fronds. Leaves are pinnate, or feather-like, with rows of leaflets emerge on either side of the axis. Leaflets are ruffled, broad at the tips and grow on a pale spiny stalks.In the summer, it produces small yellow flowers. Male and female flowers are born on the same inflorescence. Flowers are followed by round bright red with an orange endocarp fruits that are about 1/2 in in diameter with a single seed inside.

Aiphanes aculeata

  • Native / exotic: Exotic

    Aspect: Full sun to partial shade

    Flowers: Small yellow flowers on an inflorescence

    Fragrance: None

    Foliage: Evergreen, pinnate with rows of leaflets on either side of the axis

    Growth habit: Upright, with a crown of light green fronds

    Hardiness: Hardy but not drought resistant; requires warmer more humid climates and well-sheltered

    Height: Up to 25 metres / 80 feet

    Spread: Up to 5 metres / 18 feet

    Soil requirements: Prefers consistently moist well-drained soils. Keep well mulched

    Uses:  Accent and structural plantings.


"The Dragon's Den"

96 Mbagathi Ridge,



Tel: +254 748 429 347


  • White Facebook Icon
  • White Instagram Icon

© 2023  Mandhari Plants & Design. Created by Mbambakofi Ltd