Common name: Mombasa cycad
Native to: Kenya and Tanzania
The Mombasa Cycad (Encephalartos hildebrandtii) is a spectacular, evergreen, arborescent cycad. Its trunk grows to 30 cm in diameter, and it can grow over time to 6 m tall. Each stem is topped with a crown of long, stiff fronds up to 3 metres long, with slightly keeled leaflets having more than 3 teeth on their edges, and a 2-3 spines forming “trident” tips. New leaves emerge a very attractive orange to olive green, hardening off to a glossy dark green.
Native / exotic: Native
Aspect: Semi shade
Flowers: No flowers; cone
Foliage: Evergreen, glossy stiff leaves with dentate leaflets. The new leaves emerge as a very attractive orange to olive green in colour.
Growth habit: Arborescent; well developed, cylindric, casually branched
Height: Up to 6 metres
Spread: Up to 2 metres
Soil requirements: Well drained soils with moderate water
Uses: Large ornamental structural plants