Common name: Medusa's head air plant

Native to: Mexico and Central America


Tillandsia are evergreen perennials, often epiphytic, forming rosettes of leathery, linear or strap-shaped leaves, and tubular or funnel-shaped flowers which may be 2-ranked in spikes with conspicuous bracts, or solitary and inconspicuous.


T. caput-medusae is an evergreen, epiphytic, frost-tender perennial to 15cm tall. Its linear, grey-green leaves, up to 25cm long, are twisted and incurved and form a bulb-like base. From spring into summer, flower spikes are produced comprising red bracts from which violet-mauve tubular flowers emerge

Tillandsia caput-medusae

  • Native / exotic: Exotic

    Aspect: Partial to full shade; will tolerate full sun in very moist and humid environments. Best in bright, filtered light. Must be sheltered.

    Flowers: Red spikes or bracts from which violet-mauve tubular flowers emerge

    Fragrance: None

    Foliage: Linear, grey-green leaves, twisted and incurved from a bulb-like base

    Growth habit: Epiphyte, hanging from trees or rock or secured to a piece of bark.

    Hardiness: Requires maintenance; misting every day and soaking in hotter months. 

    Height: Up to 30 cm

    Spread: Up to 30 cm

    Soil requirements: Air plant; no soil

    Uses: Attractive growing through shaded tree branches or as art of a vertical wall with other Bromeliad species. 


"The Dragon's Den"

96 Mbagathi Ridge,



Tel: +254 748 429 347


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